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October 1, 2020 at 6:52 am in reply to: DRM Module 3: Exercise 3.3.3. Understanding of Traditional Knowledge & Beliefs #4496
The tradition of large number of Muslim Rohingya families is to keep women inside the house out of the sight of men. This traditional practice was difficult and abiding by in the Rohingay camps in Cox’s Bazar was hazardous and threatens health. In the day time women to stay inside the tarpaulin made shanties in a humid, hot sunny day without breeze made the insiders vulnerable to ARI (acute respiratory infections). It is severely life threatening to newborn babies and nursing mothers. The people on their own cut grass from forest and made roof with grass replacing the tarpaulin ones. They also cut open tarpaulin on the sides of the shanty for ventilators. Grass thatched roof is their traditional housing system back in the place they fled.
Cutting grass from the reserved forest nearly eliminated fodder of the elephants in the Cox’s Bazar area.
Elephant protection groups were formed to watch the human invasions inside the area preserved for elephant.
In regards to one part of the issues raised by Ali Neumann “…not understand the PMC / PDD /DRM vocabulary” could be addressed by:
First by Unlearning what we know from the PMC/PDD/DRM.
Second by drawing the vocabulary from the beneficiaries or the target people on the topic or word or term. This is termed as “giving the chalk stick to target people” (one of the nine principles of participatory exercise). Which implies that, in the session, when necessary, we have time for target people to teach us – “this blackboard and the chalk stick is yours” help me learn what you call these … or what you mean by this…
Often I found people take “participation” as a technique. This approach to application of “participatory ….” is many a time counter productive. “Participatory …” (what ever the session may be) is a philosophy of discourse. The key issue is: the discourse is understood by all present at full length. Where target people are at ease and comfort to communicate with comprehensive understanding.
Third apply that (word, phrase, concept, ideas) in the session. Use their terminology instead.
One of the commonest stumbling block confronted is terminology of season based name of month. For example, in Bangladesh we have six seasons. When talking to beneficiaries at the field it is counter productive to teach them “mid-June to Mid-August” is rainy season, rather so comfortable to say “Ashar-Srabon” is the rainy season.
I feel, more than other issues in development sector, phasing out project/program, is inevitable to disaster risk project/program implementer i.e. in DRR sub-sector. Unlike other sub-sectors in development sector, DRR project/program perpetually maintain a cyclic PMC (not a circle rather a spring roll). Projects in DRR sub-sector when focused on adaptation and/or mitigation undergo a lengthy series of activities. And thus, at some point in time, the key player has to phaseout or take-up changes in their role; and the consequently roles of other stakeholders.
The key issue here is phasing out is more of a OD (organizational development) than programming. Therefore, the relevant activities that may be: at the initial stage is to conduct (a) Preparatory Workshop, (b) tasks (sub-activities) analysis, then (c) transfer of role analysis, (d) OD needs assessment, (e) phasing out strategy, (f) Change management functions, and (g) Program design workshop, These are some generic activities in phasing out with induced elements of sustainability. Different organizations for the sake of differences in them may need to undertake some other OD activities.
This is open to feedback from all.