Unfortunately I have only limited experience in the ISO 31000 risk management process (only know of it and what it entails) – would value others’ input!
While I would argue an approach like the ISO 31000 risk management process is essential to effective DRM work in any context, and the summary diagram is simple enough to follow, there would be many challenges introducing it to an emerging country. Establishing context is hard if infrastructure or pertinent records and information are not available – much like we discussed in relation to the benefit of the Tonga clusters in module 2. Risk assessment is difficult if those assessing the risk do not have all the facts, make assumptions, are not culturally or geographically familiar with the region affected, or poorly trained; in other words, it calls on participatory management with local capacity having or being built. This, in turn, requires some prior planning and anticipation of potential disasters; it is unlikely a developing economy would identify all disaster risks or take steps to mitigate those risks if a potential disaster was both not obvious and never experienced by the country before. And of course, there can be significant barriers to treating identified risk – poor community engagement, infrastructure, political considerations, corruption, etc. – many of which are correlated with developing economies.