All components of DRR are important. I only have direct knowledge of Kenya but that is limited.
Safety and security is poor in a country of 43M people. Old ‘tribal grievances’ still prevail especially at gov’t levels. Political infighting even in the same party persists, like here, but at least we do not have the violence. General security in rural and urban slums is terrible with extreme violence prevalent leading to little walking done at night.
Poverty persists despite the efforts of many overseas aid agencies involved. The gov’t cannot afford to help its poorest people with anything but words.
Many rural areas in Kenya and the horn of Africa have poor soil for crop growing. Many areas have been sold to conglomerates who have shifted their produce to a more profitable, mostly flowers ( for sale in Europe) or tea & coffee, rather than immediate food crops such as maize and millet.
Rainfall in the horn of Africa has been poor for many years resulting in poorer crop yields and subsequent local area famines. Rainfalls in other places have produced local flash floods where quality top-soils have been washed away.
Corruption and nepotism is rife in Kenya although other local countries tend to be worse. Sth Sudan for example where family members of the gov’t high officials seem to have most shares in the country’s resources industries such as oil. Surrounding countries such as Uganda and Kenya seemingly condone this by not freezing assets of these known persons who live in mansions in these external countries. Other African countries are trying to stop corruption but there is a feeling of ‘why should I miss out when my preceding officials have done this?’ Botswana appears to be the local best but neighbouring Zimbabwe has been a prime example for the world to see the template for corruption with the likes of Robert Mugabe at the helm.
Maybe one day, the right persons will come into power in countries and take action and impose jail terms on convicted corrupt officials from the top down?