This particular post in late September 2019, the month when earlier Hurricane Dorian had devasted the Bahamas.  It contains useful material for both humanitarian practitioners, as well as tertiary and secondary students studying hurricanes, cyclones and typhoons.  There are two main references.  The first is an amended version of the September 2019 version of the TorqAid Humanitarian and Development bibliography.  This highlights key information about hurricanes, cyclones and typhoons.


This bibliography includes useful material on:

  • BBC articles on how hurricanes/cyclones/typhoons form
  • ACAPS and other articles on Hurricane Dorian; tropical cyclone (TC) Fani in India, and Cyclone Idai in Mozambique (2019); Hurricanes Irma and Maria in the Caribbean (2017); Cyclone Debbie in Australia (2017); TC Winston in Fiji, and Hurricane Matthew in Haiti (both 2016);  TC Pam in Vanuatu (2015); and Typhoon Haiyan in the Philipppines (2013)

Also included in this post is a second article, this relating to the TorqAid article on the Disaster Risk Management (DRM) framework.  This includes some key diagrams, one of which is the Disaster Risk Management Cycle (DRMC).  The DRM framework article has been amended up to Feb 2020.


The DRMC clearly indicates the likely required initiatives for affected communities and emergency service providers as they work through a devastating hurricane/cyclone/typhoon.  This includes the role of the media, particularly in the Emergency Response Stage. These initatives include:

  • Early warning and evacuation
  • Search and rescue
  • Effective leadership, management, coordination, communications & information sharing
  • Establishing essential services.  Clearing and managing logistical routes
  • Providing humanitarian assistance, with particular focus on vulnerable groups
  • Carryng out initial damage and needs assessment

As the Recovery Stage emerges, other priorities will develop, these including:

  • Ongoing effective leadership, management, coordination, communications & information sharing
  • Clearing rubble/debris, and carrying out more detailed damage and needs assessments
  • Ongoing, targetted, humanitarian assistance, with a strong focus on vulnerable groups
  • Temporary accommodation, and the repair/rebuilding of houses and other key buildings
  • Psychosocial support
  • Commencement of restoration of social/political, economic, built and natural environments
  • Strengthening of existing Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) initiatives, to counter future threats

Chris Piper GHP

Chris Piper is a multi-skilled, multi-lingual, Global Humanitarian Practitioner, and the link to his profile is given below.


Complementary to this, the interested reader can contact Chris for a copy of his CV, as well as a more specific profile of his Global Humanitarian Practitioner experience in Bangladesh, this including work with the Rohingya refugees.