Sulawesi earthquake tsunami

Several large scale earthquakes struck Central Sulawesi Provinance on the 28/29 September, these accompanied by a tsunami which swept southwards, and devastated the township of Palu. As well as key information on the ACAPS – www.acaps.org and ReliefWeb – www.reliefweb.int/country/idn, TorqAid has also published the folowing two useful documents:

o A modified version of its October humanitarian and development bibliography, with highlighted articles relating the lessons learnt from past earthquakes and tsunamis, as well as material relating to vulnerable groups. See below for this document.

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o By the 5th Oct, TorqAid will present a modified version of its generic article on the Disaster Risk Management (DRM) framework article, this variation focussing in on the Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami. In the meantime check out this generic artcle below:

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TorqAid Talks

Chris Piper is a qualified secondary teacher and adult educator, as well as university lecturer. He has facilitated accredited Disaster Risk Management (DRM) and Participatory Project Management (PPM) workshops across Australia and overseas, and he also runs the TorqAid accredited online DRM program. From April to July 2018 he worked as a RedR Australia deployee to UNDP in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, as their Early Warning Dissemination and Training Specialist.

He is now offering ‘TorqAid Talks’ to clientele. These would mainly consist of secondary and tertiary students, as well as NGO personnel, but could include commercial companies supporting overseas humanitarian or development programs. The initial TorqAid Talk is on ‘Understanding the Rohingya Crisis’, and the link to this talk is given below.

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Enclosed below are links to the following:    Chris’s background as a Humanitarian Expert (Adviser/Consultant, Trainer, Researcher)

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A summary of Chris’ work in Cox’s Bazar

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The ‘Understanding the Rohingya Crisis’ Summary Sheet

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The the online DRM brochure.

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Hurricane Florence

At the time of writing (12th Sept), Hurriane Florence (currently Category 4) is moving from the Atlantic towards the Carolinas on the east coast of the USA. Over the next 7-10 days we will track progress of this hyurricane as it crossesa landfall. This makes for an interesting case study for the TorqAid online Disaster Risk Management students. Three initial documents are included here:
1. A modified TorqAid bibliography with the following references highlighted in yellow:
– A generalised ACAPS document on cyclones
– Earlier hurricanes in the Caribbean, namely Maria, Irma & Matthew
– Earlier tropical cyclones (TCs) in the SW Pacific, namely TC Pam & Gita
– The Typhoon Haiyan in the Philiipines
– Planning for cyclones in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh
– Post cyclone recovery in Australis

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2. The TorqAid DRM diagrammatic framework, which includes seven key diagrams. These include the Disaster Risk Management Cycle (DRMC) and the Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) diagram. Both of these will be refereed to in the days ahead. At the moment, the key components of both the DRMC and the DRR are early warning and possible evacuation from the approaching heavy weather, this including storm surge prone zones.

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The above mentioned TorqAid online DRM program can also be accessed here, with full links also found on www.torqaid.com/online-drm-program. A couple of the optional (for accreditation) assignment questions relate both to the DRMC and, separately, to lessons learnt from previous hurricane/cyclone/typhoon activity.

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Finally a copy of the key diagram, the DRMC, is included here.

CXB Rain Gauges

One of the four main responsibilities which Chris Piper had, when he was deployed by Redr Australia with UNDP in Cox’s Bazar for three months (Apr-July 2018) as their ‘Early Warning Dissemination and Training Specialist’, was to project manage the installment of automated rain gauges in three Rohingya camp locations in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh.  The link to the article here describes this particular project, which contributes to a ‘toolbox’ of initiatives designed to reduce risk, and improve safety, for the Rohingya refugee population.

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CP Rohingya Mission

Chris Piper was contracted and deployed by Redr Australia as an ‘Early Warning Dissemination and Training Specialist’ for UNDP from April-July 2018.  This was down in Cox’s Bazar District in Bangladesh, where the international comunity is working in support of the Government of Bangladesh to provide humanitarian assistance for around 1.3 million people, this comprising just less than a million Rohingya refugees, and the rest, Bangladeshi host communities.  The link below describes the key aspects of his work over that period.

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He is now producing three separate short (two page) articles, describing some of this work in more detail.  This includes the Disaster Risk Management (DRM) training he carried out for the Bangladeshi NGO, BRAC; the landslide related initiative focussing on the implementation of a small number of automated rain gauges around the refugee camps; and some comments on some of the brilliant grass-roots level work being carried out by the Communication with Communities (CwC) network out there. The first two of these reports (DRM training, and landslide-related rain gauges) are included below.  The third article (CwC) will be added in the forthcoming days.

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As part of his ongoing teaching, Chris updates the monthly Summary Sheet entitled ‘Understanding the Rohingya Crisis’.  This both summarises the humanitarian situation in Cox’s Bazar, and also includes key references related to the complex emergency in both Bangladesh and Myanmar.

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Finally, Chris teaches about the Rohingya crisis in the accredited TorqAid online Disaster Risk Management (DRM) program.  This consists of six modules (four focussing in on DRM; and one each on Participatory Project Management {PPM} and Complex Humanitarian Emergencies {CHEs}).  The link to the DRM brochure is givcen here.

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CXB-DRM-training

This reference links the reader to the one day Disaster Risk Management (DRM) training carried out by Chris Piper for BRAC – www.brac.net in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, on the 7th May 2018. Chris was at the time a Redr Australia deployee attached to UNDP, where his official title was Earely Warning Dissemination and Training Specialist. On the training side, it should be noted that he is a qualified and experienced adult educator, university lecturer, and secondary school teacher. The links below lead the read to both a short summary of this training day, together with a longer description of this.

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In the workshop summaries, mention is made of a number of key diagrams, which have been customised to the Bangladeshi and Cox’s Bazaar context. These are the Disaster Risk Management Cycle (DRMC), Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) diagram, and Risk Matrix. The links to the jpeg copies are these three diagrams are given below.

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cp-humanitarian-expert

Chris Piper is a multi-skilled, multi-lingual Global Humanitarian Practitioner who works as a Humanitarian Adviser, trainer and research. A link to a three page summary of these skills can be accessed here.

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Chris’s skills cover the spectrum of the Disaster Risk Management Cycle (DRMC), namely Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), Emergency Response, and Recovery. Follow the link below to an article on the Disaster Risk Management (DRM) diagrammatic framework, which includes details of these three stages of the DRMC.

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Chris also facilitates acrredited Disaster Risk Management (DRM) workshops and an online program. Over the past 15 yars over 110 DRM and Participatory Project Management (PPM) workshops have been facilitated across Australia and overseas. The online DRM program consists of six modules, four relating to DRM, one to PPM, and the final one to Complex Humanitarian Emergencies (CHEs). Follow the link below to the current online DRM program, as well as to a generic DRM workshop which can be customised for clients.

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Bangla Boat

This picture, of what we’ve called ‘Bangla Boat’, was taken on the front beach of Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh in June 2018.  The photo shows local fisherman (and enthusiastic volunteers) pulling one of these fishing vessels up out of the high water mark, after a night’s fishing. These beautifully shaped and crafted boats are well recognized sights by humanitarian staff based in Cox’s Bazar District working in support of the 900,000 or so Rohingya refugees.

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For those interested in the humanitarian situation in Cox’s Bazar, follow the link below to a regularly updated document entitled ‘Understanding the Rohingya crisis’.

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A complementary document is the summary of the ‘What Matters?’ humanitarian bulletins.  The latter are produced regularly (in English and Bangla) in Cox’s Bazar, and report on the thoughts, aspirations and concerns of both the Rohingya refugee population, and also the host Bangladeshi communities. Check this link below.

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Rohingya Experience

Chris worked as a RedR Australia ‘Expert in Mission’ with UNDP in Cox’s Bazar District, Bangladesh from early April to early July 2018. This was in support of some of the 900,000 or so Rohingya refugees who live in 27 camps across the district. His job included a combination of the following: involvement in early warning systems for both heavy monsoonal downpours and tropical cyclones; representation of UNDP on various Working Groups; teaching of Disaster Risk Management (DRM) to BRAC, a major Bangladeshi NGO; and, in close coordination with both the Geological Survey of Bangladesh (GSB) and the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI), the installation of a number of rain gauges across some of the refugee camps. Check out the link below for a short two-page summary of his work there.

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The picture in the article is of one of the traditional Bangladeshi fishing boats visitors see along this stretch of coastline. This particular boat is one of the seven whose home is on the Cox’s Bazar beach along which Chris regularly ran along 2-3 times weekly. Other similar boats will be recognised by international staff and visitors to the refugee camps, in the river creeks, and hidden away on beaches, on that strip of coastal road leading south out of the city. Enclosed below is a good quality photo of this ‘Bangla boat’.

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PNG earthquake

A major earthquake struck the PNG highlands on the 25th February.  The second joint (PNG Gov/UN) Situation Report (Sitrep # 2) of the 14th March indicated that around 545,000 people were affected across five provinces, with around 270,000 of these requiring some form of assistance.  This is a complex humanitarian situation, complicated by difficult terrain and logistical challenges.  The main logistical route between the Southern highlands (ie going through Mt Hagen) and Hela Province has now been opened, but secondary and minor roads/routes/tracks are still problematic in places. From a coordination perspective, Forward Operating Bases have been established in Mt Hagen and Moro; with Emergency Operations Centres (EOCs) in Mendi and Tari.

This Sitrep # 2 indicates that the main humanitarian priorities are currently food security and livelihoods; WASH; health; shelter (including camp coordination & management); and protection.

Interested/involved stakeholders can draw down from the following three sources of information.
ACAPS –   https://www.acaps.org/country/papua-new-guinea/special-reports#container-994

This includes their Briefing Note of the 1st March, and a useful PNG Preparedness document from 2012.

Humanitarian Response  – https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/en/operations/papua-new-guinea.  This includes the latest joint Sitrep, as well as useful background assessments, maps & infographics.

Relief Web – www.reliefweb.int/country/png. This includes the latest joint Sitrep, as well as further useful maps and infographics (including useful WFP maps on both impacted areas, and logistical routes).

This earthquake is being used both as a case study in both the TorqAid online accredited Disaster Risk Management (DRM) program, as well as the Australian University Emergency Management unit (EMG 309 = Humanitarian Relief), for which Chris is Unit Chair. Follow the link below to the online DRM program.

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The key initiatives carried out in the emergency response stage, together with those in the later recovery stage, are clearly delineated in the enclosed Disaster Risk Management Cycle (DRMC), which is the first diagram mentioned in the article entitled ‘ a DRM diagrammatic framework’.

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